For this week entry, let’s learn more about one of the most prominent Muslim scholar, Al-Khawarizmi, who is also known as the father of algebra. May his story be an inspiration for us to reach greater height in our academic pursuit.
Our Muslim Scholar - Al-Khawarizmi
(Article extracted from: http://lostislamichistory.com/al-khawarizmi/)
Modern theoretical mathematics is a complex and abstract field. It frustrates and annoys secondary school students in math classes, but also provides the basis for all the technological wonders we enjoy today. Without the incredible mind of a 8th century Muslim mathematician, al-Khawarizmi, the world of math today would look vastly different.
Muhammad al-Khawarizmi was born in 780 AD in Khorasan, a province in the east of Persia, right on the legendary ancient Silk Road between China and Rome. Goods were not the only commodity traded on the Silk Road. Knowledge of the East and the West traveled on this legendary path, and a young al-Khawarizmi benefited greatly from it. When the Abbasid Caliph, al-Ma’mun established the House of Knowledge in Baghdad in 832, he called al-Khawarizmi to the city personally. Al-Ma’mun believed in rationalism, and had a simply daunting task for al-Khawarizmi: prove the existence of Allah, through the complexity and beauty of mathematics.
Al-Khawarizmi, like many of his colleagues, got to work translating ancient Greek and Indian texts. The knowledge of giants such as Pythagoras, Euclid, and Brahmagupta was the pedestal this new generation of scholars would stand on. But al-Khawarizmi’s contributions only begin with translation of Greek and Hindu texts. From the great Indian book on math, The Opening of the Universe, al-Khawarizmi adopts the idea of the zero as a number. This opened up a whole new world of mathematical possibilities and complexities.
Using the old Roman numeral system made advanced math next to impossible. With a number system that goes from 0 to 9, al-Khawarizmi is able to develop fields such as algebra, which he initially used to calculate Muslim inheritance laws. He builds more on the geometry of the Greeks, and develops the basic ideas many high school math students can recognize today.
But his real issue remains with the number zero. It cannot be proven to exist using math. The old Indian texts insist zero divided by zero equals zero. But al-Khawarizmi knows that any division by zero is impossible. Eventually he comes to the conclusion that the zero must simply be accepted without being proven. Furthermore, he reports to the Caliph al-Ma’mun that belief in Allah is the same: it cannot be proven using science, but must be accepted on faith in the religion. Al-Khawarizmi was as much a philosopher as he was a mathematician.
In addition to math, he writes a compendium on geography that lists the latitude and longitude of 2,400 cities around the world. He also writes books on the astrolabe, sundials, and even the Jewish calendar. For 700 years after his death, European mathematicians cite him in their works, referring to him as “Algorismi”. The modern word for a complex mathematical formula, algorithm, is derived from his name. His legacy lives on, even if the modern world that he helped build has all but forgotten of his contributions.
Morgan, M. (2007). Lost History. Washington D.C. : National Geographic Society.
Masood, E. (2006). Science and Islam. Icon Books.
Assalamu’alaikum Wr Wb!
InsyaAllah starting from this week, we will be sharing the content of the Friday Khutbahs in summarised points! May it be beneficial for all of us.
This week’s khutbah shares about building a strong and resilient Muslim marriage. Many of us may have not experienced a married life, but insyaAllah the content of the khutbah can be shared with our family members or peers who are in that stage. In addition, it can also be a preparation for us for the future, insyaAllah.
Points from Khutbah:
Marriage is a scared tie between a husband and wife
A strong marriage requires effort, commitment and honesty
Fundamentals of Marriage:
Treating our partners well and communicating with them with kindness and respect.
In a hadith narrated by Imam Bukhari and Muslim. Rasulullah s.a.w. said 4 to ‘Aisyah: ‘I know when you are angry with me and when you are not.’ And ‘Aisyah asked: ‘How can you tell oh Rasulullah?’ Rasulullah s.a.w replied: ‘If you were content with me you say no and by the God of Mohammad. And if you were angry with me you say: no and by the God of Ibrahim.’ In another narration, ‘Aisyah replied: ‘That is right oh Rasulullah! Indeed I was just trying to avoid saying your name.”
Reflects how the Prophet s.a.w. brought up something that had happened in the past in a calm and warm manner, and when the situation has reverted to normal.
Appreciating the contributions and sacrifices of our spouse
It was reported that a man once wanted to meet with the Caliph Umar al-Khattab r.a. to complain about his wife who often nagged at him and would raise her voice to him when reproving him. However, when he arrived at Umar’s house, the man heard Umar’s wife doing the same thing to the Caliph. And so, he decided to return home and did not complain about the matter to the Caliph.
When Umar r.a. went out of his house, he saw the man who was hurrying home, and he asked the man: “What was your intention of coming to my house?”
The man replied: “I came to complain about my wife but when I heard that your wife (also) nags at you, I told myself: “If the Amirul Mukminin himself is treated as such by his wife, let alone myself.”
Umar then said to him: “By Allah, (my wife) has prepared my bed, prepared my meals, and bear all my burden and responsibilities, isn’t it appropriate for me to bear and listen to her nagging?”
Be grateful to Allah s.w.t. for granting us a partner, and we should thank our spouse for going through thick and thin with us.
Maintaining limits or boundaries when we mix with others.
The command to lower our gaze, found in surah an-Nur verses 30 and 31, is not just specific for those who are not married, but is applicable for all Muslims.
In working with the opposite gender, we need to maintain our boundaries and limit communication to only work and professional matters.
Not to reveal marital and household secrets to others, unless to seek advice
Avoid spilling our discontentment with our spouse to others, especially not through social media platforms such as Facebook.
Those are the few points which was shared in today’s khutbah. For a more detailed version of the khutbah, please download it here: http://www.muis.gov.sg/cms/uploadedFiles/MuisGovSG/Khutbah/E13Nov22%20-%20Building%20a%20Strong%20and%20Resilient%20Muslim%20Marriage.pdf
May it has been beneficial for you, insyaAllah!
Assalamu’alaikum! In view of the upcoming exam, we would like to share some du’as for students!
“Allahumma infa’nii bimaa ‘allamtanii wa’allimnii maa yanfa’uunii. Allahumma inii as’aluka fahmal-nabiyyen wa hifzal mursaleen al-muqarrabeen. Allahumma ijal leesanee ‘aiman bi dhikrika wa qalbi bi khashyatika. Innaka ‘ala ma-tasha’u qadeer wa anta hasbun-allahu wa na’mal wakeel.”
“Oh Allah! Make useful for me what you have taught me and teach me knowledge that will be useful to me. Oh Allah! I ask you for the understanding of the prophets and the memory of the messengers, and those nearest to you. Oh Allah! Make my tongue full of your remembrance and my heart with consciousness of you. Oh Allah! You do whatever you wish, and you are my availer and protector and best of aid.”
“Allahumma inni astaodeeka ma qara’tu wama hafaz-tu. Farudduhu ‘allaya inda hajati elahi. Innaka ‘ala ma-tasha’-u qadeer wa anta hasbeeya wa na’mal wakeel”
“Oh Allah! I entrust you with what I have read and I have studied. Oh Allah! Bring it back to me when I am in need of it. Oh Allah! You do whatever you wish, you are my availer and protector and the best of aid.”
“Allahumma la sahla illama ja-‘altahu sahla anta taj ‘alu al hazana eza ma shi’ta sahal.”
“Oh Allah! Nothing is easy except what you have made easy. If you wish, you can make the difficult easy.”
“Salla-l-laahu alaa Muhammad wa aal-e Muhammad. Allahumma inni as’aluka yaa mudhakkira-l khayr wa faa’ilahu wa-l-aamimira bihi dhakir-ni maa ansaani-hi-shaytan.”
“Blessings of god be upon Muhammad and his progeny. O god, I ask you, the one who mentions goodness and actualizes it and commands it, remind me of that which the shaytan makes me forget.”
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) told the following dua to be recited in stress, studies, exams and trials
“O Allaah, there is no ease except what You make easy. And if You wish, You make the difficult easy.” [recorded in Hisnul-Muslim]
For more duas, you may visit: http://www.duas.org/student.htm
Day of Ashura – 10th Muharram
The best of fasts besides the month of Ramadan is the fast during Allah’s month of Muharram and the best of Salaat besides the Fardh (obligatory Salaat) is the Tahajjud Salaat (performed after midnight). (Muslim)
The tenth of Muharram, which is also known as the day of Asyhura, is a very significant day in the Islamic calendar. The holy Prophet Muhammed (SAW) has encouraged his Ummah to fast on this day.
Ibn Abbaas (RA) says, ‘I did not see Rasulullah (SAW) anxiously await the fast of any day, which he gave preference to over other days, but this day (of Asyhura) and the month of Ramadan. (Bukhari)
Virtue of The Fast of Asyhura
With regards to the blessing of this fast, Nabi Muhammad (SAW) was asked regarding its virtue. He answered, ‘It is a compensation for the sins of the past year.’ i.e. the sins of one year that has just gone by will be forgiven. (Muslim)
Note: Only minor sins are forgiven. For the forgiveness of major sins, Tawbah (repentance) is a necessary.
The Fast of Asyhura
Ibn Abbaas (RA) narrates that when Nabi Muhammad (SAW) came to Madinah and found the Jews fasting on the day of Asyhura, he inquired, ‘What is the significance of this day on which you fast?’ They replied, ‘This is the day Allah saved the prophet Moosa (AS) and his followers and drowned Fir’oun and his army, thus Moosa (AS) fasted on this day as a token of thanksgiving. Therefore we too fast on this day.’ (Muslim)
Rasulullah (SAW) said, ‘We are more worthy of Moosa (AS) and nearer to him than you.’ Thereafter, he fasted on this day and ordered the Sahaabah (companions) to fast on this day. (Muslim)
Rasulullah (SAW) is reported to have said, ‘Observe the fast of Asyhura and oppose (the way of) the Jews. Fast a day before it (also) or a day after it.’ (Baihaqi)
Therefore, one should fast for two days: Either the 9th and 10th or the 10th and 11th. To fast only on the 10th of Muharram is MAKROOH (reprehensible) and bears resemblance to the Jews.
Generosity to One’s Family
Besides fasting on the day of Asyhura, being generous toward family and spending more than what is normally spent on food, etc. is an act of great merit. It is mentioned in a Hadith, ‘He who will be generous to his family on the day of Asyhura, Allah will be generous to him for the entire year.’
Hijrah of the Prophet
The month of Muharram is about the significance of Hijrah (the migration of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to Madinah). The Hijrah did not only change the political and social landscape of the Arab Peninsula, but it also affected worldwife civilizaion.
In essence, the Hijrah signified the shift from one phase to another. Some examples are as follows:
Hijrah For Us In Modern Context
Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
“A Muslim is someone who spares people the harm of his tongue and his hand, and a migrant is someone who migrates away from what God has forbidden”. [Imam al-Bukhari]
We can still practice the concept of Hijrah in todays’ modern world.
The simple meaning of the word Hijrah (migration) is simply to move from one area to another. Today, people immigrate to other countries to seek for better job opportunities, lifestyle or even for marriage, yet, by Islamic standards, the scope is much wider.
The reasons behind the move have to comply with Islam. Seeking a better living for self and family is indeed a great cause and it is actually encouraged in Islam, but it becomes greater if one leaves a place where he is restricted in practicing Islam or pressured into destructive beliefs and habits, and migrates to a new place where he and his loved ones could enjoy more freedom to practice Islam in a more supportive environment.
Another dimension of Hijrah happens in the heart, and eventually reflects on one’s behavior and relationship with the rest of the world. This is the type of Hijrah mentioned in the Prophet’s statement: migrating “away from what God has forbidden” not just physically by moving to a new place, but also spiritually and ethically, by choosing good over evil and ethics over corruption, and pledging to withstand the tribulations of struggling to stay on that path for life.
Five Important Areas for a True Hijrah
To attain true Hijrah, here are the five areas we have to work on:
A true immigrant is an ethical, well-mannered and pious Muslim, and that is what we should all strive to be everyday of our lives. In other words, Hijrah is identical to seeking repentance and purification of one’s soul.
Let’s all strive hard to hijrah into becoming a better soul, a better Muslim than who we were before. And may this path of hijrah which we take lead us closer to achieving Jannah,insyaAllah.
Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
“Hijrah will not cease until repentance becomes useless; and repentance will not become useless until the sun rises from the west.” [Abu Dawud]
Background on Ma’al Hijrah
Maal Hijrah, which is also called Awal Muharram, is an important day for Muslims.
The Hijri New Year, also known as Islamic new year is the day that marks the beginning of a new Islamic calendar year, and is the day on which the year count is incremented. The first day of the year is observed on the first day of Muharram, the first month in the Islamic calendar.
The meaning of Maal Hijrah in English is migration. On this day, Muslims remember Prophet Muhammad S.A.W’s migration from Mecca to Madinah on the year 622 A.D. Besides, Maal Hijrah also means changing from bad to good and a starting point to evaluate inner-self on self- achievement.
The Islamic calendar was first introduced by the close companion of the Prophet, Umar ibn Al-Khattab. During his leadership of the Muslim community, in approximately 638 A.D., he consulted with his advisors in order to come to a decision regarding the various dating systems used at that time. Some of the suggestions were to use the birth date of the prophet (PBUH) and the day the prophet gained his prophethood. It was finally agreed that the most appropriate reference point for the Islamic calendar was the Hijrah, since it was an important turning point for the Muslim community. After the emigration to Madinah (formerly known as Yathrib), the Muslims were able to organize and establish the first real Muslim “community,” with social, political, and economic independence. Life in Madinah allowed the Muslim community to mature and strengthen, and the people developed an entire society based on Islamic principles and that they were no longer oppressed like they were back in Makkah.
History of the Hijrah
Let’s take a look back at the history from the day the first ayat from the Quran was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad PBUH and the unfolding of events until the day of Hijrah.
At the age of 40 years old, Angel Gabriel was sent to Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. and he was raised to the level of prophethood by Allah SWT, to be the final prophet for mankind. During the early years of his prophethood, Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. spread the message of Islam to his closest companions and family members in secrecy. This was until he received revelation from Allah to spread Islam openly and that was when more people got to know about Islam and joined the community.
The Muslims faced tremendous oppression and opposition from the Quraish who tortured and killed them. To avoid such oppression against the Muslims and also for the betterment of the state of the Muslims, the prophet s.a.w. ordered the Muslims to escape from Makkah quietly to Yathrib, which is now known as Medina. They left their family members who were non-muslims and also their wealth for the sake of the Islam. Upon reaching Medina, they were welcomed warmly with open arms. They were then known as the Muhajirin.
Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. stayed on in Makkah as he had yet to receive the revelation to migrate from Makkah. One day, he received news of a plan to assassinate him. Angel Gabriel came to Prophet Muhammad s.a.w., under the order of Allah SWT, to convey the message that he should leave Makkah when it was still dark. Upon receiving the message, Prophet Muhammad s.a.w., came to one of his closest companion, Abu Bakar Siddiq (ra) and asked him to accompany him in the journey to Medina.
The Prophet shared his plans with Ali bin Abi Talib (ra) and told him that he needs Ali to take over his place at his home at night. Ali (ra), without questioning much, obeyed the instruction by the Prophet although he realized the risk. That night, a group of Quraish surrounded the house of the Prophet s.a.w. They looked into the house through a hole on the door and saw someone sleeping in the bed of the Prophet s.a.w. They were convinced that the Prophet s.a.w. will not be able to escape and that they were able to assassinate him for sure.
When Fajr came, they carried out their attempt and they were shocked when they realized that whom they saw was Ali and not the Prophet. The prophet had left Makkah for Medina together with Abu Bakar Siddiq (ra) and no one knew where they were going and hiding except for some of their closest family members.
The Prophet s.a.w. and Abu Bakar were in fact hiding in a cave on Mount Thaur for 3 days. When the Quraish approached the cave to look for him, they did not enter it for they were sure that the prophet and his companion were not inside as the entrance of it was covered by cob webs. Allah SWT had protected the two men from the Quraish. The Quraish were unable to find the two men so they left the cave and went back to Makkah. Once the Prophet s.a.w. and Abu Bakar were convinced that their pursuers were no longer around, they left the cave and continued their journey to Medina, riding a camel which was brought by their servant, Abdullah.
The men chose the path which was uncommon to avoid the Quraish. The path chosen was very challenging with hills, mountains and valleys. The Quraish back in Makkah who were furious, offered a bounty for those that could capture the Prophet s.a.w. While many tried, none of them succeeded. With the protection from Allah SWT, the prophet finally reached Medina and was warmly welcome by the community.
Islam which was already spread to Medina by one of the companions of the prophet, Mus’ab ibn Umair, began to flourish further. The Islamic state was established in Medina. From there, Islam began to spread to many other regions and flourished further. These were the effects of the Hijrah or migration of the Prophet s.a.w. from Makkah to Medina and that incident becomes an important point to be remembered in history and thus was made as the beginning of the Islamic calendar year.
Supplication for end of year (Read after Asar)
If a person reads the following supplication three times at the end of the year, Syaitan will say, “We tired ourselves with him all year, and he ruined all that we have done in one moment.”
“In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful and Allah s.w.t. bless our teacher Muhammad and his family and companions and grant them peace. O Allah s.w.t., whatever actions I have committed this past year which have not pleased You, which I may have forgotten though You do not forget, while You are forbearing with me, though fully capable of punishing me, while You called me to relent and atone even after my audaciousness before You – O Allah, I surely seek Your forgiveness for that, so forgive me! O Allah, as for my actions that have pleased You and for which recompense and forgiveness has been promised, please accept them from me. And do not dash my hopes in You, O Generous, O Most Merciful of the Merciful. And Allah, the Exalted, bless our Master Muhammad and his family and companions and grant them peace.” (3 times)
Supplication for beginning of the year (Read after Maghrib)
It is said whosoever supplicated with this supplication on the 1st Day of Muharram, then the Syaitan will say “He/she has protected his/her soul for the remainder of his/her life because Allah orders to Angels to protect him/her from syaitan”
In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful and May the peace and blessing of Allah, be upon Our Master Muhammad s.a.w. and his family and companions. O Allah You are the everlasting, the eternal, the first! And our reliance is upon Your Great Grace and Generosity! And this new year has arrived, we ask Your protection in it from the shaytan and his allies and his armies! And we ask You for Your support against this soul which incites to evil and Your support in pre-occupying ourselves with that which draws us close to You! O Owner of Majesty and Reverance! And Allah, the Most Exalted, bless our Master Muhammad s.a.w. and his family and companions and grant them peace.
Prophet Yusuf (AS) was the son of Prophet Ya’qub (AS). Prophet Yusuf (AS) had 11 brothers and he was one of the youngest and possessed excellent character and manners. His father loved him dearly. Prophet Yusuf (AS) once dreamt that eleven stars and the sun and moon were prostrating to him. He related the dream to his father. Prophet Ya’qub (AS) realised that the dream outlined his son’s destiny and greatness and cautioned him not to tell his brothers about the dream.
His brothers were jealous of Prophet Yusuf (AS) and made a plot to get rid of him. They removed Prophet Yusuf’s (AS) shirt, and threw him into the well. Ignoring their young brother’s pleas, they heartlessly left him to die of hunger. They then slaughtered a goat and stained Prophet Yusuf (AS)’s shirt with its blood. They arrived home weeping and told their father that while they were grazing their sheep, a wolf came and ate their brother. He did not believe their story and could do nothing but remain patient and wait for Allah to reunite him with his beloved son. Meanwhile a caravan of traders passing by the well stopped to draw some water. They were surprised to see Prophet Yusuf (AS) come up holding the bucket. They hid him with their merchandise and sold him to some slave traders for a few pieces of silver.
He was bought by the Aziz of Egypt. He brought Prophet Yusuf (AS) home and told his wife Zuleikha that they would adopt him as their son. Zuleikha, however, was so taken by Prophet Yusuf’s (AS) beauty that she sought to have an illegal association with him. A Prophet of Allah could never be part of such an evil deed and Prophet Yusuf (AS) backed away from the advances of Zuleikha. By the mercy of Allah, Prophet Yusuf (AS) was proven guilty and Zuleikha was at fault. She was ridiculed by the women of the city. Due to continued pressure from his wife Zuleikha, the Aziz of Egypt decided to imprison Prophet Yusuf (AS), despite his innocence. The reason he gave was that people would forget the actions of his wife while Prophet Yusuf (AS) lay in prison, and her dignity would be restored.
While Prophet Yusuf (AS) stayed in prison, he continuously preached about the religion of Allah and helped other prisoners interpret their dreams successfully. He was released from prison when he helped to interpret the King’s dream and was proven innocent by the king himself. The King then placed Prophet Yusuf in charge of the treasuries of the land upon his request. Prophet Yusuf (AS) thus became the Aziz of Egypt.
Reflections from the Story of Prophet Yusuf (AS)
1. The belief in the presence of Allah makes a man’s troubles easier for him to bear, and as long as he keeps himself away from sins despite temptations, he will ultimately be successful. Prophet Yusuf (AS) taught us this by his cheerful conduct throughout his enslavement and imprisonment.
2. In all difficulties and hardships one should seek only Allah’s protection. Prophet Yusuf (AS) showed his faith by seeking refuge from Allah when faced with the evil intentions of Zuleikha. He was thus saved from committing a terrible sin.
3. One should always remain attached to religion and should take every opportunity to persuade others towards the right path. Prophet Yusuf (AS) did not forsake his duty even when in the prison, where he preached against idol worship before interpreting the dreams of his cell-mates.
4. Patience in the face of hardship is the best of qualities and results in reward from Allah in this life and the hereafter. Prophet Yusuf (AS) remained calm and resigned to the Will of Allah, despite being abandoned in the well by his brothers. He also bore the shame of being sold as a slave patiently. He also accepted his false imprisonment. In return for his forbearance, Allah raised his position till it was the highest in Egypt.
5. It is important to act in such a manner as to preserve your honour and dignity, and these qualities must always be safeguarded. Prophet Yusuf (AS) taught us this valuable lesson when he refused to accept his freedom from prison until his innocence was proved to the people. Thus when he was finally released, he knew he could come in front of the people with his head held high and without any blemish on his record.
Dua for when one is in distess
Sa’d ibn Waqas (radiAllahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said, “The supplication made by the Companion of the Fish (Prophet Yunus (as) in the belly of the fish was (the above). If any Muslim supplicates in these words, his supplication will be accepted/responded to.”
In another report we read, “I know words that will cause Allah to remove one’s distress. These are the words (of supplication) of my brother Yunus, peace be upon him”
[at-Tirmidhi; 3500, an-Nisa’i in `Amal al-yawmi wa al-layla; #656, al-Hakim 1:505 and 2:383. The latter declared it sound (sahih) and Dhahabi confirmed him]
Allah has sent all the Prophets to their people with one message, to worship Allah alone and not to associate anything or anyone with Him. The revelation of the different chapters of the Quran was often in response to a particular event or experience of the Prophet and his followers. The stories in the Quran teach lessons, provide the historical background of humankind, and demonstrate the nature of Allah. The story of Prophet Lut peace be upon him is one that is particularly pertinent in the 21st century.
Prophet Lut peace be upon him was sent to the city of Sodom (Sadum) by Allah swt to summon the people to give up their indecent behaviour (homeosexuality). However, they were so deeply sunk in their immoral habits that they were deaf to Prophet Lut’s preaching. Swamped in their unnatural desires, they refused to listen, even when Prophet Lut peace be upon him warned them of Allah’s punishment. Instead, they threatened to drive him out of the city if he kept on preaching.
The doings of Prophet Lut’s people saddened his heart. Their unwholesome reputation spread throughout the land, while he struggled against them. As the years passed, he persisted in his mission but to no avail. No one responded to his call and believed him except for the members of his family, and even so, not all of the members believed. Prophet Lut’s wife, like Prophet Noah’s wife, was a disbeliever.
Allah swt mentioned in the Quran, "If home is the place of comfort and rest, then Lut found none, for he was tormented both inside and outside his home. His life was continuous torture and he suffered greatly, but he remained patient and steadfast with his people. The years rolled by, and still not one believed in him. Instead, they belittled his message and mockingly challenged him, ‘Bring Allah’s Torment upon us if you are one of the truthful!’ " [29:29]
Overwhelmed with despair, Prophet Lut peace be upon him prayed to Allah to grant him victory and destroy the corrupt.
Angels disguised as men were sent to Prophet Lut peace be upon him. The arrival of Prophet Lut’s guests spread very quickly to his people through his wife. When Prophet Lut peace be upon him saw the mob approaching his house, he shut the door, but they kept on banging on it. He pleaded with them to leave the visitors alone and fear Allah’s punishment. He urged them to seek sexual fulfilment with their wives, for that is what Allah had made lawful.
After Prophet Lut peace be upon him finished his short sermon, Prophet Lut’s people roared with laughter. Blinded by passion, they broke down the door. Prophet Lut peace be upon him became very angry, but he stood powerless before these violent people. He was unable to prevent the abuse of his guests, but he firmly stood his ground and continued to plead with the mob.
At that terrible moment, he wished he had the power to push them away from his guests. Seeing him in a state of helplessness and grief, the guests said, “Do not be anxious or frightened, Lot for we are angels, and these people will not harm you.”
On hearing this, the mob was terrified and fled from Prophet Lut’s house, hurling threats at him as they left. The angels warned Prophet Lut peace be upon him to leave his house before sunrise, taking with him all his family except his wife.
Allah had decreed that the city of Sodom should perish. An earthquake rocked the town. It was as if a mighty power had lifted the entire city and flung it down in one jolt. A storm of stones rained on the city. Everyone and everything was destroyed, including Prophet Lut’s wife.
Allah swt recounted this story in the Quran Surah Al-Hijr Verse 51 to 77 and Surah Ash-Shu’ara Verse 170 to 175.
The book was closed on the people of Prophet Lut peace be upon him. Their towns and names have been erased from the face of the earth.
Prophet Lut peace be upon him then proceeded towards Abraham peace be upon him and continued to invite people to Allah swt.
[Excerpt from “Stories of the Prophets” by Al-Imam ibn Kathir]
Based on the story of Prophet Lut peace be upon him, we can take back with us some learning points;
1) Be thankful for Allah’s blessings and do not transgress.
The people of Prophet Lut peace be upon him were not thankful for Allah’s blessing of the creation of women in their lives. They went against Allah’s words and as a result, Allah’s punishment was brought upon them. Here, we can learn that if we are not thankful with what Allah has given us, it may bring upon us His anger.
Similarly to our lives, if something unpleasant happens to us or something is not going the way we wanted it to, do not complain but instead be thankful to Him for it, as everything that He gives us has a reason behind it (hikmah). We should be thankful for all the blessings that Allah has given us and make good use of it so that it can bring benefit to us. As mentioned in the Quran, “He gave you from all you asked of Him. And if you should count the favor of Allah, you could not enumerate them. Indeed, mankind is [generally] most unjust and ungrateful.” (14:34) and “And [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, ‘If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in favour]; but if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe.’ “(14:7)
2) Listen to the advices (nasihat) although it may be bitter for us.
Prophet Lut peace be upon him continuously summoned his people to give up their indecent behaviour and warned them of Allah’s punishment. His summon is for his people’s benefit. However, his people refused to listen to him and as a result, they brought upon themselves Allah’s punishment.
Since homeosexuality is now becoming prevalent in today’s world, like in the city of Sodom, we should take heed from what has happened in the past and not let history repeat itself. The Quran and Islam itself is a form of advice (nasihat) for us. We should heed those advices and follow them although some advices may not be in our favour, but in actual fact it may be good and beneficial for us. Like as mentioned in the Quran, “But perhaps you hate a thing and it is good for you; and perhaps you love a thing and it is bad for you. And Allah Knows, while you know not.” (2:216)
Thus, whenever someone gives us an advice for our benefit, heed them as long as the advice does not bring upon Allah’s anger on us.
May Allah continue to guide us to the righteous path. Amin.